We have not opted to include a course on The Women in Ministry Controversy,

but acknowledge that this topic may be of interest to some of our students.

In keeping with our policy to help students develop critical thinking skills,

we offer the following resources which thoughtfully address this subject

from less familiar, but thought-provoking & well-researched viewpoints.

‒ Topic appropriate for thesis or dissertation ‒

GLOSSARY

Among evangelicals, particularly in the last few decades, two rather different
paradigms concerning roles of men and women presented in Scripture have emerged.

Complementarianism

Complementarianism is the theological view that although men and women are created equal in their being and personhood, they are created to complement each other via different roles and responsibilities as manifested in marriage, family life, religious leadership, and elsewhere. Rooted in more literal interpretations of the Creation account and the roles of men and women presented in Scripture, this view is known as the Traditionalist or Hierarchical view. Though the notion is found in other religions, certain Christian groups understand their theology to require a complementarian view of gender.

Egalitarianism

Egalitarianism, within Christianity, is a movement based on the theological view that not only are all people equal before God in their personhood, but there are no gender-based limitations of what functions or roles each can fulfill in the home, the church, and the society. It is sometimes referred to as biblical equality. Egalitarians understand the Bible as teaching the fundamental equality of women and men of all racial and ethnic groups, all economic classes, and all age groups, based on the teachings and example of Jesus Christ. It should not be confused with secular political, economic, social egalitarianism.

RESOURCE AUTHOR BIO

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DEPARTMENT: Theology and Church History

Cynthia Long Westfall

Cynthia Long Westfall (PhD, University of Surrey– Guildford, England) is assistant professor of New Testament at McMaster Divinity College- Hamilton, Ontario. She is the author or coeditor of several books and is a member of the editorial board for the Common English Bible. Dr. Westfall teaches courses in New Testament, Greek exegesis, biblical interpretation and women in ministry, which are devoted to a commitment to transformation by God’s word through its application to all aspects of life and ministry.

SSS COURSES‒ none

S & S RECOMMENDED BOOKS BY THIS AUTHOR:
Paul and Gender: Reclaiming the Apostle’s Vision for Men and Women in Christ

RESOURCE LINK

RESOURCE INFO

Respected New Testament scholar Cynthia Long Westfall offers a coherent Pauline theology of gender, which includes fresh perspectives on the most controverted texts. Westfall interprets passages on women and men together and places those passages in the context of the Pauline corpus as a whole. She offers viable alternatives for some notorious interpretive problems in certain Pauline passages, reframing gender issues in a way that stimulates thinking, promotes discussion, and moves the conversation forward. As Westfall explores the significance of Paul’s teaching on both genders, she seeks to support and equip males and females to serve in their area of gifting.

DEPARTMENT: Biblical Interpretation and Preaching
Theology and Church History

Craig S. Keener

Professor of New Testament at Asbury Theological Seminary, Dr. Craig Keener previously taught 15 years as professor of New Testament at Palmer Theological Seminary of Eastern University in Philadelphia, where he also served as Associate Pastor at an African-American Baptist church. He has authored numerous New Testament commentaries, 19 books in total. Ph.D. in New Testament Studies and Christian Origins, Duke University.

SSS COURSES

BIP501‒ Biblical Interpretation: Hermeneutics

REFERENCE BOOK: • The IVP Bible Background Commentary: New Testament

TCH505‒ Historic Premillennialism

TEXTBOOK CO-AUTHOR: • Not Afraid of the Antichrist

OTHER S & S RECOMMENDED BOOKS BY THIS AUTHOR:
Paul, Women, and Wives: Marriage and Women’s Ministry in the Letters of Paul

Paul’s letters stand at the center of the dispute over women, the church, and the home, with each side championing passages from the Apostle. Now, in a challenging new attempt to wrestle with these thorny texts, Craig Keener delves as deeply into the world of Paul and the apostles as anyone thus far. Acknowledging that we must take the biblical text seriously, and recognizing that Paul’s letters arose in a specific time and place for a specific purpose, Keener mines the historical, lexical, cultural, and exegetical details behind Paul’s words about women in the home and ministry to give us one of the most insightful expositions of the key Pauline passages in years.

DEPARTMENT: Bible Knowledge

N.T. Wright

An English New Testament scholar, Pauline theologian and Anglican Bishop, Wright served as Bishop of Durham from 2003 to 2010, and Research Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at St Mary’s College in the University of St Andrews in Scotland until 2019, when he became a senior research fellow at Oxford University. Author of over 70 books, Wright is highly regarded in academic and theological circles for his “Christian Origins and the Question of God” series.

SSS COURSES

BK502‒ Christian Origins & The New Testament

TEXTBOOK & REFERENCE BOOK:
The New Testament in Its World: An Introduction to the History, Literature, and Theology of the First Christians

DEPARTMENT: None Currently

Michelle Lee-Barnewall

An English New Testament scholar, Pauline theologian and Anglican Bishop, Wright served as Bishop of Durham from 2003 to 2010, and Research Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at St Mary’s College in the University of St Andrews in Scotland until 2019, when he became a senior research fellow at Oxford University. Author of over 70 books, Wright is highly regarded in academic and theological circles for his “Christian Origins and the Question of God” series.

SSS COURSES‒ none

SUGGESTED BOOKS BY THIS AUTHOR::
Neither Complementarian nor Egalitarian: A Kingdom Corrective to the Evangelical Gender Debate

Regarding gender relations, the evangelical world is divided between complementarians and egalitarians. While both perspectives have much to contribute, the discussion has reached a stalemate. Michelle Lee-Barnewall critiques both sides of the debate, challenging the standard premises and arguments and offering new insight into a perennially divisive issue in the church. She brings fresh biblical exegesis to bear on our cultural situation, presenting an alternative way to move the discussion forward based on a corporate perspective and on kingdom values. The book includes a foreword by Craig L. Blomberg and an afterword by Lynn H. Cohick.

DEPARTMENT: Theology and Church History

Craig L Blomberg

A distinguished professor of New Testament and Christian Theology at Denver Seminary, Blomberg holds a Ph.D. from the University of Aberdeen, Scotland. Passionate about the historical reliability of the Scriptures; he is the author, co-author or co-editor of 15 books and more than 80 articles. He has lectured widely on six continents, and is a member of the Evangelical Theological Society, the Tyndale Fellowship, the Institute for Biblical Research, the Society of Biblical Literature, and the Committee on Bible Translation for the NIV Bible. Editor of Christ the One and Only: A Global Affirmation of the Uniqueness of Jesus Christ. Author of Admiration and Challenge: Karl Barth’s Theological Relationship with John Calvin, The Historical Reliability of the New Testament: Countering the Challenges to Evangelical Christian Beliefs, The Historical Reliability of the Gospels, Jesus and the Gospels, Interpreting the Parables, Preaching the Parables: From Responsible Interpretation to Powerful Proclamation, and Neither Poverty nor Riches: A Biblical Theology of Possessions

SSS COURSES: TCH505‒ Historic Premillennialism TEXTBOOK CO-AUTHOR: • A Case for Historic Premillennialism

OTHER SUGGESTED BOOKS BY THIS AUTHOR:
Interpreting the ParablesPreaching the Parables: From Responsible Interpretation to Powerful ProclamationNeither Poverty nor Riches: A Biblical Theology of Possessions

FOREWARD WRITTEN FOR: Neither Complementarian nor Egalitarian: A Kingdom Corrective to the Evangelical Gender Debate‒ Michelle Lee-Barnewall